Publication Ethics Statement

Author Responsibilities

  1. Reporting Standards:

Authors must present an accurate manuscript of the work performed along with an objective discussion of the significance of the work performed. The data on which the discussion is based must be presented accurately and completely. Submissions should contain sufficient detail and references to allow others to replicate the work. Fraudulent statements or knowingly reporting work performed inaccurately constitutes unethical behaviour and is unacceptable.

  1. Data Access and Storage:

Authors are asked to provide raw data related to the content of the paper for editorial review, and also possible to provide public access to this data whenever possible. The author must retain such data for a certain period after the publication of the article.

  1. Originality and Plagiarism:

Authors must ensure that they have written an entirely original work, and if the authors have used the work and/or words of others, the work as reference need to be properly cited.

  1. Multiple Publication:

Authors are not permitted, in general, to publish manuscripts that present similar results in more than one journal or major publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal simultaneously is unethical behaviour.

  1. Acknowledgment of Source:

Recognition of the work of other people used in the preparation of manuscripts must always be done. Authors must cite each publication used in the preparation of the reported manuscript.

  1. Author of the Paper:

Recognition as an author is limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, implementation or interpretation of the studies conducted. Everyone who makes a significant contribution must be listed as an author. Those who participate in certain substantive aspects of the research project, must be recognized or registered as contributors. Corresponding authors must ensure that all authors listed on the manuscript have read and approved the final version of the manuscript and have agreed to the manuscript's submission for publication.

  1. Disclosure of Conflict of Interest:

All authors must disclose any financial or other conflict of interest that might influence the results or interpretation of the manuscript. All sources of financial support for the research project must be disclosed.

  1. Errors in Published Work:

When an author finds significant errors or inaccuracies in a published manuscript, it is the author's obligation to immediately notify the editor of the journal or publisher and work with the editor to correct the manuscript or to withdraw the relevant manuscript.

  1. Use of Hazardous Materials and Human or Animal Subjects

If the work performed involves hazardous chemicals, procedures, or equipment that poses an unusual hazard, the author must clearly identify and declare these in the manuscript.



Editor Responsibilities


  1. Fairness:

The editor evaluates each manuscript on the basis of intellectual content without regard to the author's race, gender, sexual orientation, religious beliefs, ethnicity, nationality, or political philosophy.

  1. Confidentiality:

Editors and editorial staff must not disclose any information about manuscripts received to anyone other than the associated authors, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and related publishers.

  1. Disclosure of Conflict of Interest:

Unpublished material, disclosed in a submitted manuscript, must not be used in the editor's own research without written consent from the author(s).

  1. Publication Decision:

The editorial board of the journal is responsible for deciding which articles submitted to journals that would be published. These editors' decisions may be guided by the policies of the journal's editorial board and limited by applicable legal requirements regarding defamation, copyright infringement, and plagiarism. The editor may confer with other editors or reviewers in making this decision.

  1. Manuscript Review:

The editor must ensure that each manuscript has been evaluated for its originality. Editors must organize and use the review process (peer review) fairly and wisely. Editors should explain the review process undertaken in the information disclosed to authors and also disclose to authors the portion of the journal that underwent the peer review process. The editor must use peer reviewers whose field suitable with the papers being considered for publication by selecting reviewers with sufficient expertise and avoiding conflicts of interest.


Reviewer Responsibilities


  1. Contribution to Editorial Decisions:

The review process (peer review) assists editors in making editorial decisions and through editorial communication with authors can also assist authors in improving papers.

  1. Time period:

Each selected reviewer who cannot carry out the review process for the assigned article at the specified period must inform the editor and withdraw from the review process.

  1. Standards of Objectivity:

The review process must be carried out objectively. It is not allowed to involve personal criticism of the author(s). The critiques expressed by the reviewer must be accompanied by supporting arguments.

  1. Confidentiality:

Any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. Reviewers are not permitted to show or discuss manuscripts received with other people unless permitted by the editor for review purposes.

  1. Disclosure of Conflict of Interest:

Information or ideas obtained from the review of manuscripts must be kept confidential and not used for personal gain. Reviewers may not conduct a review of manuscripts that have conflicts of interest from competition, collaboration, or other relationships with the authors, companies, or institutions related to the manuscript.

  1. Acknowledgment of Source:

The reviewer must identify relevant references that have not been cited by the author. Every written statement in the manuscript relating to previously published articles must be accompanied by relevant citations. The reviewer should also inform the editor of any substantial similarities to the manuscript being reviewed and other published articles of which they are personally aware.