Rancang Bangun Penampung Sampah Laut Portable (PSP) dan Uji Solar Panel untuk Mengurangi Sampah Laut

  • Amanda T Siboro Jurusan Teknik Informatika, Program Studi Teknik Geomatika, Politeknik Negeri Batam
  • Feby Angelin Garizi Siahaan Jurusan Teknik Informatika, Program Studi Teknik Geomatika, Politeknik Negeri Batam
  • Sarnaen Simanjuntak Jurusan Teknik Informatika, Program Studi Teknik Geomatika, Politeknik Negeri Batam
  • Muhammad Zainuddin Zainuddin Lubis, 14464173 Jurusan Teknik Informatika, Program Studi Teknik Geomatika, Politeknik Negeri Batam

Abstract

Marine litter is waste created by human that has been discharged into the coastal or marine environment. Varied and widespread human activities can act as the source of marine litter. The sources may be located directly at sea, on the coast or inland. Litters can be transported over long distances and into marine habitat. Accumulation of marine litter can affects habitats, organism ecological function, and develops health problems. The objective of present study was to evaluate portable marine litter collector’s performance for eliminating marine litter. The methods consist of some steps i.e. measuring and comparing collected marine litter amount with the total daily average amount in the tested area which took place at Pantai Biru Sehati, Tanjung Piayu; identifying the size and type of material of the collected marine litter; measuring the scope that can be reached by the prototype; along with identifying oceanographic parameter regarding its effects on prototype performance. The results showed that the performance duration of the prototype on an optimum battery is 1 - 3 hours, 2800 rpm of motor speed, 1 - 4 kg of marine litter as the maximum weight that can be held by the prototype. Furthermore, the identified oceanographic parameters are speed current which was 0.7 m/s. The field test also indicates that the oceanographic parameter affects the prototype performance.

Keywords : Design, marine litter, portable marine litter collector, oceanographic

References

[1] CSIRO (Ocean and Atmosphere Flaship) 2014. Marine Debris sources, distribution and fate of plastic and other refuse – and its impact on ocean and coastal wildlife. www.csiro.au/marine-debris diakses pada pukul 17.06 WIB, tanggal 9 Agustus 2018.
[2] Ryan, P. G., Moore, C. J., van Franeker, J. A., & Moloney, C. L. (2009). Monitoring the abundance of plastic debris in the marine environment. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences, 364(1526), 1999-2012.
[3] Simatupang, S., Susilo, B., & Hermanto, M. B. (2012). Rancang Bangun dan Uji Coba Solar Tracker pada Panel Surya Berbasis Mikrokontroler ATMega16. Jurnal Keteknikan Pertanian Tropis dan Biosistem, 1(1), 55-59.
[4] Tudorache, T., & Kreindler, L. (2010). Design of a solar tracker system for PV power plants. Acta Polytechnica Hungarica, 7(1), 23-39.
Published
2018-10-31