Microwave Absorption Analysis of Barium Hexaferite And Iron Sand

  • Yeni P. S. Naibaho Postgraduate Physics Study Program, University of North Sumatra, Medan City, North Sumatra 20155
  • Syahrul Humaidi Postgraduate Physics Study Program, University of North Sumatra, Medan City, North Sumatra 20155
  • Martha Rianna Postgraduate Physics Study Program, University of North Sumatra, Medan City, North Sumatra 20155
  • Linda E. Diana Postgraduate Physics Study Program, University of North Sumatra, Medan City, North Sumatra 20155
Keywords: Barium Hexaferite, Iron Sand, Microwaves


The goal of this study is to investigate the properties of barium hexaferrite and iron sand as microwave absorbers. The focus is on understanding how these materials affect microwave absorption and the specific frequency range of waves they produce. The solid reaction method was used in the study. The study's findings indicate that the combination of iron sand with barium hexaferrite material leads to the formation of a homogeneous material with a single phase. X-ray diffraction pattern data confirms the presence of a single-phase material, specifically iron sand and barium hexaferrite, which consists of hematite and barium hexaferrite. The VNA observations reveal that the iron sand and barium hexapherite materials can absorb electromagnetic waves at a radar wave frequency of 11.1 GHz, resulting in a loss of -23.86 dB. Furthermore, the material demonstrates its ability to absorb microwaves. The absorption of microwaves relies on the quantity of particles in the absorbent substance and its microwave-absorbing capacity. To thoroughly assess the absorption properties of various samples, it is essential to not only evaluate their reflection loss but also analyze how well they operate as microwave absorbers.


Download data is not yet available.


Adi, S. P., Simanjuntak, A. V., Supendi, P., Wei, S., Muksin, U., Daryono, D., ... & Sinambela, M. (2024). Different Faulting of the 2023 (Mw 5.7 and 5.9) South-Central Java Earthquakes in the Backthrust Fault System. Geotechnical and Geological Engineering, 1-13.

Ansari, K., Walo, J., Simanjuntak, A. V., & Wezka, K. (2024). Crustal deformation from GNSS measurement and earthquake mechanism along Pieniny Klippen Belt, Southern Poland. Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 17(6), 180.

Ansari, K., Walo, J., Simanjuntak, A. V., & Wezka, K. (2024). Crustal deformation from GNSS measurement and earthquake mechanism along Pieniny Klippen Belt, Southern Poland. Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 17(6), 180.

Arifullah, A., Muksin, U., Simanjuntak, A., & Muzli, M. (2024, March). A preliminary result of automatic earthquakes localization from seismic temporary network in Northern Sumatra. In AIP Conference Proceedings (Vol. 3082, No. 1). AIP Publishing.

Asnawi, Y., Simanjuntak, A. V. H., Muksin, U., Okubo, M., Putri, S. I., Rizal, S., & Syukri, M. (2022). Soil classification in a seismically active environment based on join analysis of seismic parameters. Global Journal of Environmental Science and Management, 8(3), 297-314.

Asnawi, Y., Simanjuntak, A., Muksin, U., Rizal, S., Syukri, M. S. M., Maisura, M., & Rahmati, R. (2022). Analysis of Microtremor H/V Spectral Ratio and Public Perception for Disaster Mitigation. GEOMATE Journal, 23(97), 123-130.

Caffarena VDR, Ogasawara T, Pinho MS, Capitaneo JLL. 2007. Syntesis and characterization of nanocrystalline Ba3Co09Cu1.1Fe24O41 powder and its application in the reduction of radar cross section. Mater Sci Pol 25(3):875-884.

G. Qiu, Q. Wang, C. Wang , W. Lau, Y. Guo. Polystryrene/ Fe3O4 Magnetic Emulsion and Nanocomposite Prepared by Ultrasonically Initiated Miniemulsion Polymerization. J Ultrason. Sonochem.2007; Vol 14:55-61.

Habeish AA, Elgamel MA, Abdelhady RA, Abdelhady AA. 2008. Factors affecting the performance of the radar absorbant textile materials of diffrent types and structures. Progress in Electromagnetics Research B 3:219-226.

Hududillah, T. H., Simanjuntak, A. V., & Husni, M. (2017, July). Identification of active fault using analysis of derivatives with vertical second based on gravity anomaly data (Case study: Seulimeum fault in Sumatera fault system). In AIP Conference Proceedings (Vol. 1857, No. 1). AIP Publishing.

I. Csetneki, M. K. Faix, A. Szilagyi, A. L. Kovacs, Z. Nemeth, M. Zrinyi. Preparation of Magnetic Polystyrene Latex Via the Miniemulsion Polymerazition Technique. J Polym. Sci. Part A Polym. Chem.2004; Vol 42(19):4802-4808.

I. Kong, S. H. Ahmad, M. H. Abdullah, D. Hui, A. N. Yusoff, D. Puryanti. Magnetic and Microwave Absorbing Properties of Magnetite-Thermoplastic Natural Rubber Nanocomposites. J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 2010; Vol 322:3401- 3409.

Idha, R., Sari, E. P., Asnawi, Y., Simanjuntak, A. V., Humaidi, S., & Muksin, U. (2023). 1-Dimensional Model of Seismic Velocity after Tarutung Earthquake 1 October 2022 Mw 5.8. Journal of Applied Geospatial Information, 7(1), 825-831.

Idha, R., Sari, E. P., Humaidi, S., Simanjuntak, A. V., & Muksin, U. (2023, December). Response of Geologic Units to The Ground Parameters of Tarutung Earthquake 2022 Mw 5.8: A Preliminary Study. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 1288, No. 1, p. 012032). IOP Publishing.

Irwandi, I., Muksin, U., & Simanjuntak, A. V. (2021). Probabilistic seismic hazard map analysis for Aceh Tenggara district and microzonation for Kutacane city. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 630, No. 1, p. 012001). IOP Publishing.

Kosasih AN, Zainuri M. Sintesis dan Karakterisasi Sifat Magnetik Serbuk Barium M-Heksaferrit dengan Doping Ion Zn pada Variasi Temperatur Rendah. Jurnal Sains dan Seni. 2012; Vol. 1(1):52-54.

L. A. Dobrzanski, M. Drak, B. Ziebowicz. New Possibilities of Composite Materials Application Materials of Specific Magnetic Properties. J. Mater. Process. Technol.2007; Vol 191:352-355.

Lali MF, Ghobadi C, Razian MA, Razian SA. 2012. Evaluation and Designation of Making Agricultural Waste Risk-Free System by Microwaves. Journal of American Science 8(6): 511-516.

Liu YS, Huang X, Guo PP, Liao XP, Shi B. Skin Collagen Fiber-Based Radar Absorbing Materials. J Chinese Science Bulletin. 2011; Vol 56(2):202- 208.

Marker B. 2010. Use of radar-absorbing material to resolve U. S. Navy electromagnetic interference problem. Electromagnetic Enviromental Effect 7(1): 56-61.

Muksin, U., Arifullah, A., Simanjuntak, A. V., Asra, N., Muzli, M., Wei, S., ... & Okubo, M. (2023). Secondary fault system in Northern Sumatra, evidenced by recent seismicity and geomorphic structure. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 105557.

Nurana, I., Simanjuntak, A. V. H., Umar, M., Kuncoro, D. C., Syamsidik, S., & Asnawi, Y. (2021). Spatial Temporal Condition of Recent Seismicity In The Northern Part of Sumatra. Elkawnie: Journal of Islamic Science and Technology, 7(1), 131-145.

Pasari, S., Simanjuntak, A. V., Mehta, A., Neha, & Sharma, Y. (2021). A synoptic view of the natural time distribution and contemporary earthquake hazards in Sumatra, Indonesia. Natural Hazards, 108, 309-321.

Pasari, S., Simanjuntak, A. V., Mehta, A., Neha, & Sharma, Y. (2021). The current state of earthquake potential on Java Island, Indonesia. Pure and Applied Geophysics, 178, 2789-2806.

Pasari, S., Simanjuntak, A. V., Neha, & Sharma, Y. (2021). Nowcasting earthquakes in Sulawesi island, Indonesia. Geoscience Letters, 8, 1-13.

Phang, S.W., Tadakoro, M., Watanabe, J. dan Kuramoto, N., 2008, Synthesis, Characterization and Microwave Absorption Property of Doped Polyaniline Nanocomposites Containing Tio2 Nanoparticles and Carbon Nanotubes, Syntetic Metals, No.158, hal.251-258.

Prastiwi H . 2012. Analisis Pengaruh Penambahan Serbuk Tembaga terhadap Sifat Listrik dan Sifat Optik Polianilin (PANI). Skripsi. Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Universitas Andalas, Padang.

Priyono, Manaf Azwar. Material Magnetik Barium Heksaferit Tipe-M untuk Material Anti Radar pada Frekuensi S-Band. J Sains Materi Indonesia. 2010; Vol 11(2):75-78.

Priyono, Prasongko WG. Pembuatan Material Magnetik Komposit BaFe9Mn0.75Ti1.5O19/ Elestomer untuk Aplikasi Penyerap Gelombang Elektromagnetik. J Sains dan Matematika .2013; Vol 21(1):15-19.

Qadariah, Q., Simanjuntak, A. V., & Umar, M. (2018). Analysis of Focal Mechanisms Using Waveform Inversion; Case Study of Pidie Jaya Earthquake December 7, 2016. Journal of Aceh Physics Society, 7(3), 127-132.

R. Mohr, K. Kratz, T. Weigel, M. Lucka-Gabor, M. Moneke, A. Lendlein. Initiation of Shapememory Effect by Inductive Heating of Magnetic Nanoparticles. J PNAS. 2006; Vol 103:3540-3545.

Renata A, Widyastuti, Purwaningsih H. 2011. Pengaruh presentasi berat barium heksaferrite (BAFe12O19) dan ketebalan lapisan terhadap reflection loss pada komposit radar absorbent material (RAM). Jurnal Teknik Material dan Metalurgi, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh November : 1-7.

Sari, E. P., Idha, R., Asnawi, Y., Simanjuntak, A., Humaidi, S., & Muksin, U. (2023). Faulting Mechanism of Tarutung Earthquake 2022 Mw 5.8 Using Moment Tensor Inversion. Journal of Applied Geospatial Information, 7(1), 840-846.

Sari, E. P., Idha, R., Nugroho, H., Humaidi, S., Simanjuntak, A. V., & Muksin, U. (2023). Model Mekanisme Patahan Gempa Bumi Tarutung 2022 Mw 5.8. Kesatria: Jurnal Penerapan Sistem Informasi (Komputer dan Manajemen), 4(2), 478-486.

Saville P, Huber T, Makeiff D. 2005. Fabrication of Organic Radar Absorbing Materials. Technical Report. Canada: Depence Research and Development Canada Atlantic.

Sihotang, B., Humaidi, S., & Simanjuntak, A. V. (2024). An updated 1-dimensional seismic velocity model has been developed for the Mw 6.1 Pasaman earthquake that occurred on February 25, 2022. Journal of Applied Geospatial Information, 8(1), 12-18.

Simanjuntak, A. V., & Ansari, K. (2022). Seismicity clustering of sequence phenomena in the active tectonic system of backthrust Lombok preceding the sequence 2018 earthquakes. Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 15(23), 1730.

Simanjuntak, A. V., & Ansari, K. (2024). Multivariate Hypocenter Clustering and Source Mechanism of 2017 Mw 6.2 and 2019 Mw 6.5 in the South Seram Subduction System. Geotechnical and Geological Engineering, 1-14.

Simanjuntak, A. V., & Olymphia, O. (2017). Perbandingan Energi Gempa Bumi Utama dan Susulan (Studi Kasus: Gempa Subduksi Pulau Sumatera dan Jawa). Jurnal Fisika Flux: Jurnal Ilmiah Fisika FMIPA Universitas Lambung Mangkurat, 14(1), 19-26.

Simanjuntak, A. V., Kuncoro, D. C., Irwandi, I., & Muksin, U. (2022). Understanding swarm earthquakes in Southeast Aceh, Sumatra. In E3S Web of Conferences (Vol. 339, p. 02011). EDP Sciences.

Simanjuntak, A., Muksin, U., Asnawi, Y., Rizal, S., & Wei, S. (2022). Recent Seismicity and Slab Gap Beneath Toba Caldera (Sumatra) Revealed Using Hypocenter Relocation Methodology. Geomate Journal, 23(99), 82-89.

Supendi, P., Rawlinson, N., Prayitno, B. S., Sianipar, D., Simanjuntak, A., Widiyantoro, S., ... & Sudrajat, A. (2023). A previously unidentified fault revealed by the February 25, 2022 (Mw 6.1) Pasaman earthquake, West Sumatra, Indonesia. Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, 334, 106973.

Varshney L. 2002. Radar Principles. Technical Report. New York: Syracuse Research Corporation.

Wahyuni. 2007. Sintesis Komposit PANI/HCl Gamma-A2O3 Karakterisasi Konduktivitas Listrik dan Konduktivtas Dielektrik. Surabaya.

Widianto, E., Kardiman, K., & Fauji, N. (2018). Karakterisasi pasir besi alam Pantai Samudera Baru dan pemanfaatannya sebagai filler pada sistem penyaring elektromagnetik. JRST (Jurnal Riset Sains dan Teknologi), 2(1), 15-20.

X. Liu, Y. Guan, Z. Ma, H. Liu. Surface Modification and Characterization of Magnetic Polymer Nanospheres Prepared by Miniemulsion Polymerization. Langmuir.2004; Vol 20 (23):10278-82.