The Sensitivity Level of the Coastal Areas in Bulukumba Regency to Waste Pollution

  • Dinda Afifah Adinuha Department of Marine Science and Technology, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, IPB University, Jl. Agatis, Babakan, Dramaga District, Bogor Regency, West Java 16128 Indonesia
  • Syamsul Bahri Agus Department of Marine Science and Technology, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, IPB University, Jl. Agatis, Babakan, Dramaga District, Bogor Regency, West Java 16128 Indonesia
  • Neviaty Putri Zamani Department of Marine Science and Technology, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, IPB University, Jl. Agatis, Babakan, Dramaga District, Bogor Regency, West Java 16128 Indonesia
Keywords: Bulukumba, Coastal Area Sensitivity, Waste Pollution


The presence of waste in coastal environments can lead to increased coastal damage and burden. Most of the population's activities in Bulukumba Regency are concentrated in coastal areas, thus making this region susceptible to significant pressure from waste pollution. This research aims to determine the level of coastal area sensitivity in Bulukumba towards waste pollution. The study was conducted from October to December 2022. The research location is the coastal area of Bulukumba Regency, which includes seven subdistricts: Gantarang, Ujung Bulu, Ujung Loe, Bonto Bahari, Bontotiro, Herlang, and Kajang. Primary data were obtained through interviews and direct observations at the research locations, while secondary data were collected through literature studies and relevant institutions in Bulukumba. The results of parameter weighting using the expert judgment method indicate that five important parameters are used to assess the sensitivity of the coastal environment to waste pollution. These parameters consist of current velocity (20.27%), distance of the ecosystem from the harbor (18.92%), distance of the ecosystem from settlements (18.92%), distance of the ecosystem from rivers (17.57%), and the presence of waste on the coast (17.57%). The distribution of coastal environmental sensitivity levels to waste pollution shows that the eastern coastal areas are more sensitive to waste pollution than the southern coastal areas. The current velocity is the most significant parameter influencing the coastal environment's sensitivity to waste pollution and holds the highest weight and score across all research areas.


Download data is not yet available.


Afriandi MN, Harahap R, Sarifah J. 2020. Optimization of waste management based on waste generation and waste characteristics in Gedung Johor Village, Medan Johor Subdistrict, Medan City. Main Technical Bulletin. 15(3):287-293.

Alkalay R, Pasternak G, Zask A. 2007. Clean-coast index-A new approach for beach cleanliness assessment. Ocean Coastal Management. 50(2007):352–362.

Cheshire A, Adler E, Barbière J, Cohen Y, Evans S, Jarayabhand S, Jeftic L, Jung R-T, Kinsey S, Kusui ET, et al. 2009. UNEP/IOC Guidelines on Survey and Monitoring of Marine Litter. UNEP Regional Seas Reports and Studies. No. 186; IOC Technical Series No. 83: xii + 120 pp.

Center for Coastal and Marine Resources Studies, Bogor Agricultural Institute. 2013. Study of the Environmental Sensitivity Index in the Eastern Seram Regency, Maluku. PKSPL-IPB.

Danipranata J, Nurjaya IW, Damar A. 2019. Mangrove Ecosystem Environmental Sensitivity Index using Satellite Image Analysis: Case Study in Western Shoreline Bangka Island, Bangka Belitung Island Province. Journal of Natural Resource and Environmental Management. 9(1):75–85.

Environmental and Forestry Office of Bulukumba Regency. 2017. Sanitation Strategy Document of Bulukumba Regency for the year 2017. Bulukumba.

Environment and Forestry Office Bulukumba Regency. 2021. Bulukumba Regency's Waste Report for the year 2021. Bulukumba.

Haarr ML, Westerveld L, Fabres J, Iversen KR, Busch KET. 2019. A novel GIS-based tool for predicting coastal litter accumulation and optimising coastal cleanup actions. Marine Pollution Bulletin.

Inayah H, Istiqomah A. 2021. The economic value of waste in the Tanjung Bira Beach tourist area, South Sulawesi. Journal of Indonesian Agricultural Science. 26(1):159-166.

Minister of Environment's Decision. 2004. Standard for Seawater Quality. Jakarta.

Marine and Fisheries Department of South Sulawesi Province. 2021. Annual report on marine and fisheries in South Sulawesi for the year 2021. Makassar.

Mason CF. 1981. Biology of Freshwater Pollution. Longman. New York.

Meijer LJJ, van Emmerik T, van der Ent R, Schmidt C, Lebreton L. 2021. More than 1000 rivers account for 80% of global riverine plastic emissions into the ocean. Science Advances. 7(18):1-13.

Muarif, Damar A, Sigid H, Dewayani S, Mennofatria B. 2016. Development of ecological sensitivity index variables for oil spill control in mangrove ecosystems. National Marine Journal. 11(1):21-34.

Mulyana A. 2020. Study on the vulnerability of springs and the action plan for the Lotonglotong Spring in Bulukumba Regency. KKMARA Lotonglotong Bulukumba Document. Bulukumba.

Yousuf MI. 2007. Using experts’ opinions through Delphi technique. Practical Assessment, Research and Evaluation. 12(4):1-8.

NOAA. 2015. Turning The Tide On Trash. A Learning Guide On Marine Debris. NOAA PIFSC CRED.

Nurmawati. 2017. Analysis of the coastal areas of Makassar City's sensitivity to solid waste pollution based on GIS. [Thesis]. Bogor. (ID): Bogor Agricultural University.

Nursyahnita SD, Idris F, Suhana MP, Nugraha AH, Febrianto T, Ma'mun A. 2023. Hydrodynamic modeling of current patterns and their relevance to marine litter distribution in the waters and coastal areas of Tanjungpinang City. Journal of Marine Science. 16(1):52–69.

Opfer S, Arthur C, Lippiatt S. 2012. NOAA Marine debris shoreline survey field guide. NOAA Marine Debris Program.

Phelan AA, Ross H, Setianto NA, Fielding K. Pradipta L. 2020. Ocean plastic crisis-Mental models of plastic pollution from remote Indonesian coastal communities. PLoS One. 15(7): 1-29.

Purba NP, Handyman DIW, Pribadi TD, Syakti AD, Pranowo WS, Harvey A, Ihsan YN. 2019. Marine debris in Indonesia: A review of research and status. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 146(2019):134-144.

Putra IE, Tatik A, Syarifuddin H. 2018. Analysis of the Environmental Sensitivity Index (ESI) of the East Coast of East Tanjung Jabung Regency - Jambi Province on Potential Oil Spills. Journal of Sustainable Development. 1(1):26–38.

Ramadan S, Fajrianto. 2021. The influence of coastal settlement density on the balance of the marine ecosystem. In: Indonesian Architecture Workshop and Exhibition Seminar. pp. 54-61.

Rech S, Macaya CV, Pantoja JF, Rivadeneira MM, Jofre MD, Thiel M. 2014. Rivers as a source of marine litter - A study from the SE Pacific. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 82(2014):66–75.

Rikardi N, Nurjaya IW, Damar A. 2021. Environmental Sensitivity Index of Mangrove Ecosystems to Oil Spills: Case Study on the Subang Coast, West Java. Journal of Tropical Marine Science and Technology. 15(2):1–23.

Sakti AD, Rinasti AN, Agustina E, Diastomo H, Muhammad F, Anna Z, Wikantika K. 2021. Multi-scenario model of plastic waste accumulation potential in indonesia using integrated remote sensing, statistic and socio-demographic data. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information. 10(481):1-23.

Saptenno MJ, Saptenno LB, Timisela NR. 2022. The factors influencing the level of coastal community awareness regarding waste management in the waters of Ambon Bay, Ambon City. Environmental Science Journal. 20(2):365-374.