Analysis of Rob Flood Risk on The Coast of East Luwu District Using GIS
Rob floods caused by rising sea levels are a natural disaster that can potentially threaten coastal areas, especially in Indonesia. Tidal floods seriously threaten coastal areas, especially East Luwu Regency. Environmental factors and rapid growth on the coast of East Luwu Regency influence the vulnerability and complexity of the environment. This research aims to identify the spatial distribution of tidal flood risk levels and predict tidal flood inundation in 2050 at the highest tide on the coast of Luwu Timur District. This effort is part of a disaster mitigation strategy due to rising sea levels. The modeling approach involves Geographic Information Systems (GIS) overlaying data and integrating DEM, HHWL, and SLR data for 28 years (1992-2020). The research results show that the coastal areas studied have a high risk related to tidal flooding, with locations closest to the coastline being at the highest risk. In contrast, the risk decreases as you move away from the coastline. Apart from that, the modeling results also estimate that in 2050, inundation will reach a height of 1,570 meters. The area affected by tidal flood inundation has increased in each sub-district. The inundation will spread evenly along the coastline and extend inland due to seawater intrusion. Coastal areas dominated by production land, such as ponds and agricultural areas, are predicted to experience the most extensive impact of inundation compared to other land uses. Emphasizes the need for mitigation efforts to minimize the impacts that may be caused by tidal floods in the future.
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