Estimation of Attenuation Coefficient Values Using Remote Sensing and Its Relationship With Shallow Water Depth

  • Anggi Tiarasani Departemen of Marine Science and Technology, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, IPB University, Jl. Agatis, Babakan, Kec.Dramaga, Kabupaten Bogor, Jawa Barat 16128 Indonesia
  • Vincentius Paulus Siregar Departemen of Marine Science and Technology, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, IPB University, Jl. Agatis, Babakan, Kec.Dramaga, Kabupaten Bogor, Jawa Barat 16128 Indonesia
  • Jonson Lumban Gaol Departemen of Marine Science and Technology, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, IPB University, Jl. Agatis, Babakan, Kec.Dramaga, Kabupaten Bogor, Jawa Barat 16128 Indonesia
Keywords: Diffuse Attenuation Coefficient, Remote Sensing, Sentinel-2 Imagery, Algorithm


In ocean remote sensing, the intensity of light entering the water column decreases exponentially with increasing depth due to scattering and particle absorption in the water column. This process of decreasing light intensity is called attenuation. Attenuation is a limiting factor in detecting objects in the water column and seafloor using remote sensing, which relies on light intensity. The attenuation coefficient (Kd) is an important optical property of seawater as it provides information about water clarity and the level of light attenuation. This study aims to analyze the estimation of the attenuation coefficient values and their variability using in-situ measurements and Sentinel-2 level 2A data in Karang Lebar, Pulau Panggang, and Pulau Air, in the Seribu Islands Regency, North Jakarta. We tested several algorithms to estimate the attenuation coefficient values. The research results show that the in-situ Kd and the estimated model values have a good correlation (r = 0.75-0.86). The distribution of attenuation coefficient values in the shallow waters of the study area ranges from 0.06 to 0.18m-1. The accuracy of estimating shallow water depth at the study sites was best represented by R2 and RMSE values in the range of 0-5m with an attenuation coefficient of 0.06-0.11m-1.


Keywords: Diffuse Attenuation Coefficient, Remote Sensing, Sentinel-2 Imagery, Algorithm.


Download data is not yet available.


Adi, N.S., Phinn, S., Roelfsema, C., 2013. Estimating The Diffuse Attenuation Coefficient From Moderate- Spatial Resolution, Multispectral Satellite Data In A Seagrass Environment Novi Susetyo Adi, Stuart Phinn, Chris Roelfsema Biophysical Remote Sensing Group, Centre for Spatial Environmenta 310–313.

Ambarwulan, W., 2012. The Spatio Temporal Dynamic Of Diffuse Attenuation Coefficient In The Tropical Berau Estuary, East Kalimantan Indonesia.

Brewin, R.J.W., Raitsos, D.E., Dall'Olmo, G., Zarokanellos, N., Jackson, T., Racault, M.F., Boss, E.S., Sathyendranath, S., Jones, B.H., Hoteit, I., 2015. Regional ocean-color chlorophyll algorithms for the Red Sea. Remote Sens. Environ. 165, 64–85.

Castillo-ram, A., Santamar, E., Gonz, A., Frouin, R., Tan, J., Lopez-calderon, J., Laura, S., Enr, L., 2020. A New Algorithm to Estimate Diffuse Attenuation Coefficient from Secchi Disk Depth. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 8,558;doi:10.3390/jmse8080558

Dewi, R.S., Rizaldy, A., Hartanto, P., Suprajaka, 2016. Assessing The Accuracy Of Shallow Water Depth Estimation By Using Multispectral Satellite Images 11, 39–50.

Gallegos, C.L., Werdell, P.J., McClain, C.R., 2011. Long-term changes in light scattering in the Chesapeake Bay were inferred from Secchi depth, light attenuation, and remote sensing measurements. J. Geophys. Res. Ocean. 116.

Herianto, Barus, B., Siregar, V.P., 2023. Pengaruh Kenaikan Muka Air Laut terhadap Keberadaan Pulau-pulau Kecil Studi Kasus di Pulau Panggang dan Pulau Pramuka , Kabupaten Administrasi Kepulauan Seribu.

J.L. Mueller, 2000. SeaWifs Algorithm for the Diffuse Attenuation Coefficient, K(490), Using Water-Leaving RadianWces at 490 And 555nm. SeaWiFS Postlaunch Calibration Valid. Anal. 3, 51pp.

Jaelani, L.M., Limehuwey, R., Kurniadin, N., Pamungkas, A., Koenhardono, E.S., Sulisetyono, A., 2016. Estimation of Total Suspended Sediment and Chlorophyll-A Concentration from Landsat 8-Oli: The Effect of Atmosphere and Retrieval Algorithm. IPTEK J. Technol. Sci. 27, 16–23.

Lee, Z., Shang, S., Du, K., Wei, J., 2018. Resolving the long-standing puzzles about the observed Secchi depth relationships. Limnol. Oceanogr. 63, 2321–2336.

Lee, Z.P., Darecki, M., Carder, K.L., Davis, C.O., Stramski, D., Rhea, W.J., 2005. Diffuse attenuation coefficient of downwelling irradiance: An evaluation of remote sensing methods. J. Geophys. Res. Ocean. 110, 1–9.

Manessa, M.D.M., Haidar, M., Budhiman, S., Winarso, G., Kanno, A., Sagawa, T., Sekine, M., 2016. Evaluating the performance of Lyzenga’s water column correction in case-1 coral reef water using a simulated Wolrdview-2 imagery. IOP Conf. Ser. Earth Environ. Sci. 47.

Meliani, F., Siregar, V.P., Hendiarti, N., Parwati, E., 2019. Pengukuran Koefisien Atenuasi Dan Hubungannya Dengan Kualitas Air Di Perairan Kelurahan Pulau Panggang. J. Teknol. Pelikan. Dan Kelaut. 9, 73–81.

Mobley, C.D., Stramski, D., Paul Bissett, W., Boss, E., 2004. Optical modeling of ocean waters: Is the case 1 - case 2 classification still useful? Oceanography 17, 60–67.

Palmer, S.C.J., Kutser, T., Hunter, P.D., 2015. Remote sensing of inland waters: Challenges, progress, and future directions. Remote Sens. Environ. 157, 1–8.

Prasetyo, B.A., Siregar, V.P., Agus, S.B., Asriningrum, W., 2018. Pengukuran Koefisien Diffuse Atenuasi (Kd) Di Perairan Dangkal Sekitar Karang Lebar, Kepulauan Seribu, Dki Jakarta. J. Teknol. Pelikan. dan Kelaut. 8, 127–138.

Saulquin, B., Hamdi, A., Gohin, F., Populus, J., Mangin, A., d’Andon, O.F., 2013. Estimation of the diffuse attenuation coefficient KdPAR using MERIS and application to seabed habitat mapping. Remote Sens. Environ. 128, 224–233.

Trouw, R., Passchier, C., Wiersma, D., 2009. Atlas of Mylonites- and related microstructures. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg.

Zhang, Y., Liu, X., Yin, Y., Wang, M., Qin, B., 2012. Predicting the light attenuation coefficient through Secchi disk depth and beam attenuation coefficient in a large, shallow freshwater lake. Hydrobiologia 693, 29–37.