Utilization of Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) Liquid Waste to Increase Density and Growth Rate of Microalgae Chlorella Pyrenoidosa

  • Welmar Olfan Basten Barat Universitas HKBP Nommensen Pematangsiantar, Jl. Sangnawaluh No.4, Siopat Suhu, Kec. Siantar Tim., Kota Pematang Siantar, Sumatera Utara 21136
  • Srinatalia Silaen Universitas HKBP Nommensen, Jl. Sutomo No.4A, Perintis, Kec. Medan Tim., Kota Medan, Sumatera Utara 20235
  • Ewin Handoco S Universitas HKBP Nommensen Pematangsiantar, Jl. Sangnawaluh No.4, Siopat Suhu, Kec. Siantar Tim., Kota Pematang Siantar, Sumatera Utara 21136
Keywords: Microalgae, POME, Chlorella pyrenoidosa, Waste


Microalgae Chlorella pyrenoidosa is a microalgae that has the potential to have various roles, especially as a bioabsorbant for organic waste. The growth of the oil palm plantation industry is also directly proportional to the increase in waste generated from the CPO production process, namely POME Waste (Palm Oil Mill Effluent). POME waste has a high nutrient content so that it can be utilized by the microalgae Chlorella pyrenoidosa. This study aims to utilize POME waste to increase the growth of Chlorella pyrenoidosa. Microalgae cultivation had a significant effect on the 1:2 treatment and 1:3 treatment when compared to the control cultivation medium with the highest cell density values ​​of 263(106cells/ml) and 279(106cells/ml) respectively. Injection of POME waste into microalgae rearing media will have an impact on increasing the growth of Chlorella pyrenoidosa microalgae.


Download data is not yet available.


Facta, M., M. Zainuri., Sudjadi and E. P. Sakti. 2006. The Effect of Different Light Intensity Settings on the Abundance of Dunaliella sp. and Dissolved Oxygen with TRIAC Simulator and AT89S52 Microcontroller. Journal of Marine Science Vol. 11 (2) : 67 – 71. ISSN 0853 – 7291.

Garno, Y.S. (1992): Experimental Study of Phytoplankton Dynamics under Different Impacts of Zooplankton and Nutrients. “Doctor Thesis”. Graduated Course of the Sciences for Atmosphe and Hydrosphere School of Sciences, Nagoya University. Japan.112 pp.

Hadiyanto, M.M.A.Nur and G.D. Hartanto.2012a. Cultivation of Chlorella sp. as Biofuel Sources in Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME). Int. Journal of Renewable Energy Development 1 (2) 2012: 45-49.

Hadiyanto., Azim M. 2012. Microalgae Source of Food and Energy for the Future. BIORE (Center of Biomass and Renewable Energy). First Edition: Pgs 99-111.

Kawaroe M., Prartono T., Sunuddin A., Wulan Sari D., Augustine D.. 2010. Microalgae Potential and Its Utilization for Production of Bio-Fuel. Bogor: IPB Press.

Lavens, P., P. Sorgeloos (eds). 1996. Manual on the Production and Use of Live Food for Aquaculture. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper.No. 361.Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Rome Mikrokontroller AT89S52. Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan Vol. 11 (2) : 67 – 71. ISSN 0853 – 7291.

Mattjik, A., M. Sumertajaya. 2002. Experimental Design with SAS and Minitab Applications Volume 1. IPB Press. Bogor Agricultural Institute. BogorReynolds, C. S. 1990. The Ecology of Freshwater Phytoplankton.Cambridge University Press. Cambridge.

Steel, R. G.D., J.H. Torrie. 1989. Prinsip dan Prosedur Statistika. Edisi Kedua. PT. Gramedia. Jakarta. United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). (2016). Indeks mundi, agricultural statistic. Washington D.C.: USDA

Wood, A.M., Everroad, R.C., Wingard, L.M., 2005. Measuring growth rates in microalgal cultures. In: Andersen, R.A. (Ed.), Algal Culturing Techniques. Elsevier Academic Press, pp. 269–285.