The Compatibility Study of Sentinel 1 Multitemporal Analysis For River-Flood Detection, Study Case: Bogowonto River

  • Muhammad Sufwandika Wijaya Master Progam in Remote Sensing, Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.; Geospatial Information Agency (BIG), Bogor, Indonesia.
  • Ulfa Aulia Syamsuri Master Progam in Remote Sensing, Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Irfan Zaki Irawan Master Progam in Remote Sensing, Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Prima Widayani Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Projo Danoedoro Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Sigit Heru Murti Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Keywords: River Floods, Multitemporal Analysis, Sentinel-1, Bogowonto River


Flooding is a common natural disaster in Purworejo District, which can be caused by the overflowing of the Bogowonto River. The use of multitemporal analysis with Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) images, such as Sentinel-1, has the potential to aid in flood inundation detection for disaster mitigation in the area. However, there has not been any research examining the compatibility of flood inundation detection using multitemporal Sentinel-1 images with the flood susceptibility characteristics of the Bogowonto River. This study aims to evaluate this using a SWOT analysis. The results show that multitemporal analysis using Sentinel-1 images is not suitable for detecting flood inundation in the Bogowonto River due to difficulties in finding the right acquisition time at the time of the flood event. The duration of floods in the Bogowonto River is approximately 1-2 days, while the earliest reacquisition time for Sentinel-1 images for this study is 12 days. Additionally, Sentinel-1 images using band C have limitations in detecting floods under vegetation.


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