Combination of Terrestrial Laser Scanner and Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Technology in The Manufacture of Building Information Model

  • Sawitri Subiyanto Departement of Geodetic Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Diponegoro University
  • Nurhadi Bashit Department of Geodetic Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Diponegoro University
  • Naftalie Dinda Rianty Department of Geodetic Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Diponegoro University
  • Aulia Darmaputri Savitri Department of Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Diponegoro University


The rapid development of the construction world in Indonesia has led to an increase in supporting technology that is more effective and efficient. The Building Information Model (BIM) technology that begins with the creation of an as-built 3D model, this model describes the existing condition of the building. The Terrestrial Laser Scanner (TLS) method can provide a point cloud with a decent point density, but there are still areas of the building that aren't covered, such as the roof. To be more complete and detailed, additional data is needed using an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV). The results of the combination of TLS and UAV complement each other so that the results of the point cloud can form more detailed buildings. BIM may be built by combining these two data sets, allowing for the three-dimensional depiction of assets in buildings. The registration results for TLS point cloud data have a fairly good value where the overlap value is 44.9% (minimum 30%), balance is 41.2% (minimum 20%), points < 6mm is 98.9% (minimum 90%). The measurement results using the UAV have an RMSE GCP value of 0.266m and an RMSE ICP of 0.455m. Merging the results of TLS and UAV measurements is done using 3DReshaper software with four align points. The final result of making the BIM model is obtained level of detail (LOD) 3 where room models such as columns, floors, stairs, and walls are well depicted, while asset models such as furniture are also depicted although they are still simple objects.


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