The Evolution of Geospatial Aspects in the Law on the Establishment of New Regions (Autonomy) Pre and Post Broad Autonomy in Indonesia

  • Farouki Dinda Rassarandi Politeknik Negeri Batam
  • Helik Susilo Civil Engineering, Politeknik Negeri Malang
  • Kariyono Kariyono Ministry of Agrarian Affairs and Spatial Planning/National Land Agency
  • Khairul Fajri Housing, Settlement and Land Agency of Riau Province
  • Febrian Fitryanik Susanta Geodetic Engineering, Uiversitas Gadjah Mada
Keywords: Expansion, Autonomy, Decentrelazitation, Geospatial, Boundary Area

Abstract

Expansion or establishment of new regions (Provinces, Regencies/Cities) is a consequence of the politics of decentralization implemented in Indonesia. The development of decentralization in Indonesia underwent fundamental changes after the reformation in 1998. Inception of UU No 22 tahun 1999 concerning regional government has given a new color to the administration of government in Indonesia or what is called broad autonomy. Restructuring regional governments that provide discretion in the form of broader authority in running their government in accordance with regional needs has created many implications for the region, one of which is stretching and the spirit of the region to bloom. In determining the boundaries of forming new regions, the geospatial aspect is an important and strategic aspect. Problems related to geospatial aspects such as maps of regional boundaries, area size, etc are issues that need to be clearly defined and calculated in the new (autonomous) regional (Province, Regency/City) determination. But in fact the law on the formation or establishment of regions in the period 1950-1999 on the geospatial aspect did not become an important part so that it caused problems later which could potentially trigger social conflicts such as regional boundary disputes. Post-reformation, the development of the role of the geospatial aspects has evolved a little more advanced, such as the existence of regional boundary maps in the appendix to the law on the formation or expansion of new regions, such as UU No 7 tahun 2002, UU No 2 tahun 2003, and others. However, there is still something that must be evaluated regarding the map in the attachment to be in accordance with the geospatial rules. A very progressive development in terms of the geospatial aspect is in UU No 20 tahun 2012 concerning the formation of the Kalimantan Utara province that utilizes geospatial data properly

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Guo, R. (1996). Border Regional Economics. Germany: Physica-Verlag HD.

Guo, R. (2004). Cross-Border Resource Management. The Final Report Fourth Individual Research Grant East Asian Development Network (EADN).

Indra, M. (2015). Menyelesaikan Sengketa Batas Daerah. Genta publishing.

Jones, S. B. (1945). a Handbook for Statesmen, Treaty Editors and Boundary Commissioners. Washington D.C : Carnegie Endowment For International Peace.

Lapradelle P, D. (1928). La Fontier. Paris: Etude de Droit International, Les Editions Internationales.

Logeman. (1975). Tentang Teori Suatu Hukum Tata Negara Positif. Jakarta: Ichtiar Van Hoeve.

Nichols. (1983). Tidal Boundary Delimitation. Canada: University of New Brunswick.

Nurbadri. (2008). Konflik Batas Wilayah di Era Otonomi daerah dan Penyelesaiannya (Studi kasus konflik batas wilayah antara Kabupaten Tebo dengan Kabupaten Bungo). Thesis on postgraduate program, Master of Law Program in Diponegoro University.

Nurcholis. (2005). Teori dan Praktik Pemerintahan dan Otonomi Daerah. Jakarta: Grasindo.

Ratnawati, R. (2009). Pemekaran Daerah, Politik Lokal, dan Beberapa Isu Terseleksi. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Ratnawati, R. (2010). Satu Dasawarsa Pemekaran Daerah Era Reformasi: Kegagalan Otonomi Daerah. Jurnal Ilmu Politik (Ed. 21), Published on cooperation Asosiasi Ilmu Politik Indonesia and Pustaka Pelajar.

Soehino. (1985). Hukum Tata Negara. Yogyakarta: Liberty.

Soemantri, S. (1988). Prosedur dan Perubahan Konstitusi. Bandung: Alumni.

Susilo, H., & Kariyono. (2016). One Map Policy Sebagai Instrumen Pemersatu. The 3rd Conference on Geospatial Information Science and Engineering & FIT ISI 2016. Yogyakarta: Teknik Geodesi FT UGM.

www.kemendagri.go.id (accessed on 20 October 2016).

www.otda.kemendagri.go.id (accessed on 20 October 2016).

UU RI No.27 Tahun 1959 tentang Penetapan Undang-Undang Darurat No. 3 Tahun 1953 Tentang Perpanjangan Pembentukan Daerah Tingkat II di Kalimantan (Lembaran-Negara Tahun 1953 No. 9), Sebagai Undang-Undang
UU RI No.08 Tahun 1965 tentang Pembentukan Daerah Tingkat II Tanah Laut, Daerah Tingkat II Tapin Dan Derah Tingkat II Tabalong Dengan Mengubah Undang-Undang No. 27 tahun 1959, tentang Penetapan Undang-Undang Darurat No. 3 tahun 1953, tentang Pembentukan Daerah Tingkat II di Kalimantan

UU RI No.09 Tahun 1999 tentang Pembentukan Kotamadya Daerah Tingkat II Banjarbaru
UU RI No.22 Tahun 1999 tentang Pemerintahan Daerah
UU RI No.47 Tahun 1999 tentang Pembentukan Kabupaten Nunukan, Kabupaten Malinau, Kabupaten Kutai Barat, Kabupaten Kutai Timur, dan Kota Bontang
UU RI No.05 Tahun 2002 tentang Pembentukan Kabupaten Katingan, Kabupaten Seruyan, Kabupaten Sukamara, Kabupaten Lamandau, Kabupaten Guung Mas, Kabupaten Pulang Pisau, Kabupaten Murung Raya, dan Kabupaten Barito Timur di Provinsi Kalimantan Tengah
UU RI No.07 Tahun 2002 tentang Pembentukan Penajam Paser Utara di Provinsi Kalimantan Timur
UU RI No.02 Tahun 2003 tentang Pembentukan Kabupaten Tanah Bumbu dan Kabupaten Balangan di Provinsi Kalimantan Selatan
UU RI No.32 Tahun 2004 tentang Pemerintahan Daerah
UU RI No.20 Tahun 2012 tentang Pembentukan Provinsi Kalimantan Utara
UU RI No.23 Tahun 2014 tentang Pemerintahan Daerah
Published
2019-07-01