Journal of Applied Geospatial Information <p>Journal of Applied Geospatial Information (JAGI) is a national&nbsp;and international peer review journal published by Politeknik Negeri Batam.&nbsp;The JAGI&nbsp;is issued 2&nbsp;times a year in electronic form, publishes Original Research Articles (full papers and short communications) and Review (full and mini-reviews) in all aspects of result research in the field of science/engineering: terrestrial and marine (geomatics, geophysics, geography, geology, geographic information systems, remote sensing, cartography, oceanography, hydrography, marine science and technology).&nbsp;We encourage all interested contributors to submit their work for consideration.&nbsp;<a href=";1488529534&amp;1&amp;&amp;">e-ISSN (Online):&nbsp;2579-3608 </a>; <a href=";container-title=Journal+of+Applied+Geospatial+Information">DOI:&nbsp;10.30871/jagi</a></p> en-US <p>Copyright @2023. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons&nbsp;Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium.&nbsp;Copyrights of all materials published in&nbsp;JAGI are freely available without charge to users or / institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, search, or link to&nbsp;full-text&nbsp;articles in this journal without asking&nbsp;by giving&nbsp;appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and&nbsp;indicate if changes were made. All of the&nbsp;remix, transform, or build upon the material must distribute the contributions under the&nbsp;same license&nbsp;as the original.&nbsp;</p> [email protected] (Muhammad Zainuddin Zainuddin Lubis, S.Ik., M.Si) [email protected] (Wenang Anurogo, S.Si., M.Sc) Sat, 01 Jun 2024 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Landslide Intensity and Potential Based on Geomorphology and Their Relationship to the Stadia Level of The Karanggayam River, Kebumen Regency, Central Java Province, Indonesia <p>Landslides are disasters, with a high incidence in the Kebumen Regency area. The Kebumen Regency Regional Disaster Management Agency (BPBD) recorded that from 2011 to 2020, there were 1,335 disaster events, 477 events (35.7%) were landslides, and most landslides occurred in Karanggayam District with a total of 43 disaster events, which is the number one landslide incident in Kebumen Regency. Landslides also occurred at several points along the Karanggayam River. The research method consists of three stages: a literature study, surface geological mapping, and field data processing. The strength and potential of landslides are connected to geomorphological conditions, which include morphology, morphogenesis, and morphoassociation. This is shown by field research results, geomorphological data analysis, and Karanggayam River stage data. The mature river stage level in the study area affects the strength and possibility of landslides caused by lateral erosion on the outer bend slopes of the river. These slopes are steep, have thick soil, less resistant rock types, and few to moderate plants.</p> Nofrohu Retongga, Muhammad Haikal Razi, Sayidatina Hayatuzzahra, Aghib Dirgantara, Samsun Samsun, M Haris ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 29 May 2024 11:51:20 +0000 Analysis of Strong Wind Characteristics Using Doppler Weather Radar over Kualanamu Airport Indonesia <p>Strong wind is one of the weather phenomena that can be dangerous for aviation safety. According to observation data from the Kualanamu Meteorological Station, there were 61 strong winds with speeds greater than or equal to 15 knots in 2020, which indicates a high risk of strong wind over this area. This research aims to analyze the characteristics of strong winds in the Kualanamu airport area using weather Doppler radar. The data used consisted of nine cases of the strongest winds for each month in 2020. We have tested analysis methods of radar products such as VVP, CAPPI V, and PPI on nine sample dates to determine the duration, intensity, and direction of wind speed. Additionally, we used the radar's echo pattern to identify the potential impact of cumulonimbus clouds (Cb), which trigger strong winds. Three out of nine study cases, identified as the three most significant strong winds during 2020, have been subjected to echo pattern analysis. The results showed that the strong winds occur for 40 to 70 minutes, but they mostly have a duration of about 50 minutes. Overall, strong winds occurred during the night and early morning. The radar echo typically has a range between 18 and 43 dBZ. Echo patterns generally revealed a group that extended in the shape of a squall line that moved from west to east and reversed.</p> Ellya Veronika Iriani Manurung, Syahrul Humaidi, Yahya Darmawan ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 29 May 2024 12:40:12 +0000 An updated 1-dimensional seismic velocity model has been developed for the Mw 6.1 Pasaman earthquake that occurred on February 25, 2022 <p>On February 25, 2022, a strong-felt earthquake with magnitude Mw 6.1 occured within the western portion of Pasaman, West Sumatra, Indonesia. The impact of the seismic activities has produced an enormous shaking which measured as VI on the Adjusted Mercalli Concentrated (MMI) and II -III MMI until Malaysian and Singapore region. The casualty's reports contain the data approximately the broadly harms such as, 1765 residences and murdered at slightest 18 individuals in West Sumatra Area. A dependable dynamic blame was already unidentified and raise a major address almost the association with Sumatra dynamic blame. Therefore, this analysis examines the attributes of seismic activity and the damage caused by utilizing an appropriate 1-Dimensional seismic velocity model. The acquired 1-Dimensional speed data exhibits varying values at a depth of 10 km with a velocity of approximately 5.5 km/s and at 30 km with a velocity of approximately 7 km/s. The 1-D velocity obtained exhibits a parallel and distinctive pattern with an RMS value of less than 1.0. In addition, the PGA records reveal a seismic intensity of 10% in Pasaman, consistent with the damage reports obtained during field assessments. This indicates that Pasaman is located in a zone with frequent seismic activity.</p> Bertalina Sihotang, Syahrul Humaidi, Andrean V. H. Simanjuntak ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 05 Jun 2024 11:42:48 +0000 Ionic Geospatialization and Hydrochemical Characterization of Water Resources around Selected Petroleum Producing Areas in South-Southern Nigeria <p>Water resources play a crucial role in sustaining life and various socio-economic activities, especially in regions like South-Southern Nigeria, where petroleum production activities are prevalent. This study focuses on understanding the hydrochemical characteristics and geospatial distribution of major ions in water around selected petroleum-producing areas, notably within the Obigbo Local Government Area (L.G.A) of Rivers State. A total of 41 water samples, comprising 34 rain and 7 surface waters, were collected, and analyzed employing hydrochemical modeling techniques, including the Piper Trilinear plot, Durov, and Schoeller diagram, to characterize the ionic composition of surface water and rainwater. The analysis revealed a relatively uniform pattern of major ions, including Ca, Mg, Na, K, HCO3, Cl, SO4, and NO3, across the study area, with higher concentrations observed along the river channel, in the Northern regions. Rainwater samples exhibited lower concentrations, with discernible variations, especially in areas adjacent to petroleum activities. The dominance of Ca + Mg as cations and Cl as anions was consistent in both river water and rainwater samples. Durov diagram depicted a simple dissolution or mixing line in river water, while rainwater samples exhibited a notable presence of calcium and sulphate. The Schoeller diagram indicated a calcium chloride water type, with rainwater showing heightened calcium and sulphate concentrations. Geospatial analysis highlighted consistent ion concentration levels throughout the study area, suggesting environmental stability. Despite concerns about increased sulfate near petroleum facilities, all measured ion concentrations in both river and rainwater samples adhered to WHO standards, indicating satisfactory water quality.</p> Nurudeen Onomhoale Ahmed, Mohammed Bashir Suleiman, Finjite Dorathy Olali, Mojisola Mary Ogunkoya, Fayose Olalekan Oluwatobi, Deborah Ifesinachi Elom Nwuzor ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 11 Jun 2024 05:51:18 +0000 Characterization of Iron Sand and Nickel Oxide on Crystal Structure as Microwave Absorbing Material <p>We have carried out a thorough investigation to scrutinize the characteristics of iron sand and nickel oxidizer, focusing on their crystal structure as microwave-absorbing materials. The study investigates the impact of these materials on microwave absorption characteristics and the frequency range of the resulting waves. The solid-state reaction method is used in the research methodology. The research findings indicate that the combination of iron sand and nickel oxide leads to the formation of a homogeneous substance. The X-ray diffraction pattern data reveals the presence of two single-phase materials: iron sand, which consists of hematite, and nickel oxide. The iron sand and nickel oxide materials underwent characterization using EDS, revealing a composition that closely approximated stoichiometry. A Vector Network Analyzer (VNA) test shows that the iron sand and barium hexaferrite mix may be able to effectively absorb electromagnetic waves at a radar frequency of 12 GHz, leading to a -24 decibels (dB) drop.</p> Linda E. Diana, Martha Rianna, Syahwin Syahwin, Yeni P. S. Naibaho ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 17 Jun 2024 07:03:59 +0000 Microwave Absorption Analysis of Barium Hexaferite And Iron Sand <p>The goal of this study is to investigate the properties of barium hexaferrite and iron sand as microwave absorbers. The focus is on understanding how these materials affect microwave absorption and the specific frequency range of waves they produce. The solid reaction method was used in the study. The study's findings indicate that the combination of iron sand with barium hexaferrite material leads to the formation of a homogeneous material with a single phase. X-ray diffraction pattern data confirms the presence of a single-phase material, specifically iron sand and barium hexaferrite, which consists of hematite and barium hexaferrite. The VNA observations reveal that the iron sand and barium hexapherite materials can absorb electromagnetic waves at a radar wave frequency of 11.1 GHz, resulting in a loss of -23.86 dB. Furthermore, the material demonstrates its ability to absorb microwaves. The absorption of microwaves relies on the quantity of particles in the absorbent substance and its microwave-absorbing capacity. To thoroughly assess the absorption properties of various samples, it is essential to not only evaluate their reflection loss but also analyze how well they operate as microwave absorbers.</p> Yeni P. S. Naibaho, Syahrul Humaidi, Martha Rianna, Linda E. Diana ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 17 Jun 2024 11:39:35 +0000