Modeling accessibility of community facilities using GIS: case study of Depok City, Indonesia

Modeling accessibility of community facilities using GIS

  • Herika Muhamad Taki King Abdulaziz University, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Jedah, Saudi Arabia
  • Muhammad Zainuddin Lubis Politeknik Negeri Batam, Geomatics Engineering Department, Batam, Indonesia


Improving community accessibility based on transport connectivity helps to address equity issues. Geographical information systems (GIS) provide useful techniques for capturing, maintaining and analyzing spatial data to defining community issues. The objective of this study is to model accessibility of community facilities using GIS based on private car, bus and train in the city area of Depok, Indonesia. The study modeling the accessibility of community facilities using Geographical information systems (GIS). A geodatabase of community facilities that includes the location of the mall, schools, hospital, mosque, and lake and also supporting data such as street and road network, the number of population, density and land use. The geodatabase covers defining community facilities and modeling accessibility by car, by bus, and by train and analyzing the social pattern. The results obtained from the spatial pattern of accessibility based on the different modes of transportation using the method of network analysis and buffering operations underlines the existence of different patterns. Car transport mode is a commonly accessible mode of community-related to land use interpretation and social issues. The conclusion is that there are differences in the spatial models at the city level in terms of the use of transportation accessibility


Blumenberg, E., Manville, M., 2004. Beyond the spatial mismatch: welfare recipients and transportation policy. CPL Bibliogr. 19, 182–205.
Boschmann, E.E., Kwan, M.-P., 2008. Toward socially sustainable urban transportation: Progress and potentials. Int. J. Sustain. Transp. 2, 138–157.
Frumkin, H., 2005. Guest editorial: health, equity, and the built environment. Environ. Health Perspect. 113, A290.
Geurs, K.T., Van Wee, B., 2004. Accessibility evaluation of land-use and transport strategies: review and research directions. J. Transp. Geogr. 12, 127–140.
Hong, J., Shen, Q., Zhang, L., 2014. How do built-environment factors affect travel behavior? A spatial analysis at different geographic scales. Transportation (Amst). 41, 419–440.
Jaramillo, C., Lizárraga, C., Grindlay, A.L., 2012. Spatial disparity in transport social needs and public transport provision in Santiago de Cali (Colombia). J. Transp. Geogr. 24, 340–357.
Le Vine, S., Lee-Gosselin, M., Sivakumar, A., Polak, J., 2013. A new concept of accessibility to personal activities: development of theory and application to an empirical study of mobility resource holdings. J. Transp. Geogr. 31, 1–10.
Litman, T., 2002. Evaluating transportation equity. World Transp. Policy Pract. 8, 50–65.
Lucas, K., 2012. Transport and social exclusion: Where are we now? Transp. policy 20, 105–113.
Taki, H.M., Maatouk, M.M.H., Qurnfulah, E.M., 2017a. Re-Assessing TOD index in Jakarta Metropolitan Region (JMR). J. Appl. GEOSPATIAL Inf. 1, 26–35.
Taki, H.M., Maatouk, M.M.H., Qurnfulah, E.M., Aljoufie, M.O., 2017b. Planning TOD with land use and transport integration: a review. J. Geosci. Eng. Environ. Technol. 2, 84. doi:10.24273/jgeet.2017.2.1.17
Tribby, C.P., Zandbergen, P.A., 2012. High-resolution spatio-temporal modeling of public transit accessibility. Appl. Geogr. 34, 345–355.
Velaga, N.R., Beecroft, M., Nelson, J.D., Corsar, D., Edwards, P., 2012. Transport poverty meets the digital divide: accessibility and connectivity in rural communities. J. Transp. Geogr. 21, 102–112.
Wang, C.-H., Chen, N., 2015. A GIS-based spatial statistical approach to modeling job accessibility by transportation mode: Case study of Columbus, Ohio. J. Transp. Geogr. 45, 1–11.
Welch, T.F., Mishra, S., 2013. A measure of equity for public transit connectivity. J. Transp. Geogr. 33, 29–41.
How to Cite
TAKI, Herika Muhamad; LUBIS, Muhammad Zainuddin. Modeling accessibility of community facilities using GIS: case study of Depok City, Indonesia. Journal of Applied Geospatial Information, [S.l.], v. 1, n. 2, p. 36-43, july 2017. ISSN 2579-3608. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 26 sep. 2017.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.